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In Greek mythology, the deadly monster Typhon was trapped under the mountain by Zeus, the god of the sky.
Mount Etna is widely regarded as a cultural symbol and icon of Sicily.
The northern and southern coasts are each about 280 km (170 mi) long measured as a straight line, while the eastern coast measures around 180 km (110 mi); total coast length is estimated at 1,484 km (922 mi).
The total area of the island is 25,711 km The terrain of inland Sicily is mostly hilly and is intensively cultivated wherever possible.
The three volcanoes of Vulcano, Vulcanello and Lipari are also currently active, although the latter is usually dormant.
Etna covers an area of 1,190 km (459 sq mi) with a basal circumference of 140 km (87 mi).
This makes it by far the largest of the three active volcanoes in Italy, being about two and a half times the height of the next largest, Mount Vesuvius.
Along the northern coast, the mountain ranges of Madonie, 2,000 m (6,600 ft), Nebrodi, 1,800 m (5,900 ft), and Peloritani, 1,300 m (4,300 ft), are an extension of the mainland Apennines.
The cone of Mount Etna dominates the eastern coast.
On the coasts, especially the south-western, the climate is affected by the African currents and summers can be scorching.